What Is Unicode? Part IV

So how do I type in Greek with Unicode?

a = α

That’s easy.

b = β

Yeah, yeah.

It gets trickier, however. If you installed my keyboard layout (which is a slightly-tweaked version of Tyndale House’s), here are the characters which might not be so obvious:

j (or v) = ς (I added “j” to match the BibleWorks Greek font; I’m just so used to it after six years.)

f = φ

h = η

q = θ

x = ξ

c = χ

y = ψ

Now for the Really Tricky Stuff

But how do you use accents? I admit it; sometimes I give up and just use the Character Viewer in OS X if I can’t remember the right key combination for acute + rough breather, for example. But there are ways, and I hope to master them myself soon. Here they are:

=a = ᾶ

/a = ὰ

‘a = ἀ

“a = ἁ

/a = ά

There’s really no way to learn but by doing—and by doing with reference to this excellent page on Tyndale House’s site. Note only that I have changed the ϡ to a ς to match BibleWorks’ layout.

For Hebrew in Unicode, I think I’m going to have to add one more part to this series. Stay tuned.

Mark Ward

PhD in NT; theological writer for Faithlife; former high school Bible textbook author for BJU Press; husband; father; ultimate frisbee player; member of the body of Christ.


  1. Duncan on September 19, 2008 at 3:26 pm

    Hey, I didn’t install your keyboard layout, but now I’m curious… how did you make your own???

    If you could point me to a link explaining the concept, I think I’d rather just modify the Tyndale keyboard myself to add j as ς,


  2. Mark L Ward Jr on September 19, 2008 at 3:33 pm

    Duncan, I used the Ukelele keyboard editor:


  3. Duncan on September 25, 2008 at 5:53 pm

    Thanks! I don’t have a Mac, so Ukelele doesn’t work for me, actually.

    Tyndale has some instructions for Windows and Mac here:

    Maybe I’ll try these sometime, but not now.

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