The Ten Tenets of a Covenantal Apologetic

I’m reading through Scott Oliphint’s new Covenantal Apologetics. He’s one of the few people with the stature to propose that the name “presuppositionalism” be dropped—and he may very well be successful. But his approach is clearly in the same tradition. “Covenantal” is only a way of saying that all humanity owes a debt of obedience to God by virtue of His covenantal relationship with them as their Creator and Lord. So far I’m not seeing any good reason for dispensationalists to object to the substance of that claim, but they’re probably not going to like the moniker for other (understandable) reasons.

Here are Oliphint’s ten tenets for a covenantal apologetic:

  1. The faith that we are defending must begin with, and necessarily include, the triune God—Father, Son, and Holy Spirit—who, as God, condescends to create and to redeem.
  2. God’s covenantal revelation is authoritative by virtue of what it is, and any covenantal, Christian apologetic will necessarily stand on and utilize that authority in order to defend Christianity.
  3. It is the truth of God’s revelation, together with the work of the Holy Spirit, that brings about a covenantal change from one who is in Adam to one who is in Christ.
  4. Man (male and female) as image of God is in covenant with the triune God for eternity.
  5. All people know the true God, and that knowledge entails covenant obligations.
  6. Those who are and remain in Adam suppress the truth that they know. Those who are in Christ see that truth for what it is.
  7. There is an absolute, covenantal antithesis between Christian theism and any other, opposing position. Thus, Christianity is true and anything opposing it is false.
  8. Suppression of the truth, like the depravity of sin, is total but not absolute. Thus, every unbelieving position will necessarily have within it ideas, concepts, notions, and the like that it has taken and wrenched from their true, Christian context.
  9. The true, covenantal knowledge of God in man, together with God’s universal mercy, allows for persuasion in apologetics.
  10. Every fact and experience is what it is by virtue of the covenantal, all-controlling plan and purpose of God. (55)

Oliphint in the first chapter several times makes a somewhat surprising admission, that presuppositionalists have been too busy for too long talking too much about apologetics rather than doing it. I snuck ahead in his book to see how extensive the “practice” sections of his book are, and it appears he’s trying to remedy this problem.

Author: Mark Ward

PhD in NT; theological writer for Faithlife; former high school Bible textbook author for BJU Press; husband; father; ultimate frisbee player; member of the body of Christ.

Leave a Reply