Joy, Part 2

I asked commenters recently to evaluate the following definition:

Joy is the feeling that comes from something good happening to an object you love.

And now for my view: I agree.

I believe it’s especially important that we view joy as a feeling, an emotion.

Here is a brief excerpt from an otherwise helpful reference work that apparently disagrees, the New Dictionary on Biblical Theology:

Joy is a quality, and not simply an emotion, of which God is both the object (Ps. 16:11; Phil. 4:4), and the giver (Rom. 15:13).

What is a “quality”? Whatever it is, it’s not an emotion. It’s apparently something more.

Let’s try the Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, which claims that joy is a “positive human condition that can be either feeling or action. The Bible uses joy in both senses.” Joy as feeling, says the BEB, is “called forth by well-being, success, or good fortune. A person automatically experiences it because of certain favorable circumstances. It cannot be commanded.”

Here’s what the BEB has to say about “Joy as Action”:

There is a joy that Scripture commands. That joy is action that can be engaged in regardless of how the person feels. Proverbs 5:18 tells the reader to rejoice in the wife of his youth, without reference to what she may be like. Christ instructed his disciples to rejoice when they were persecuted, reviled, and slandered (Mt 5:11, 12). The apostle Paul commanded continuous rejoicing (Phil 4:4; 1 Thes 5:16).

The way to tell if an instance of “joy” in the Bible is “feeling” or “action” seems to be this: if it’s too hard for you to feel this joy, it must only be an action.

No, the BEB is wrong. Joy is commanded. And joy is joy. It isn’t action, though it inevitably produces action.

Many theologians and reference works try to turn joy into something otherworldly, super-spiritual, something deeper than and distinct from emotion. It’s hard to avoid the feeling (sorry) that they’re trying to lower God’s bar. God actually means for His people to “rejoice evermore.” If we don’t—if we can’t—the answer is not to redefine rejoicing but to depend on God for grace to produce this fruit of the Spirit in our cold hearts.


All right, you commenters. Now help me out here. What do you think of the following definition of “joy”?

Joy is the feeling that comes from something good happening to an object you love.

I won’t tell you whether or not I agree with this definition, only that it comes from a book I’m re-reading for my dissertation, Faithful Feelings: Rethinking Emotions in the New Testament (p. 166). So…

  1. What do you think of this definition?
  2. Whatever you think, is this what you usually hear?
  3. If not, what do you usually hear?

How to Highlight a Book

These are a busy dissertation writer’s tips for highlighting a book:

  1. Use yellow for any statements that grab you.
  2. Use orange for a statement that grabs you but is right next to another statement that already grabbed you, so you can keep them separate.
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  3. Highlight in such a way that what you highlight forms a complete sentence. It’s not as difficult as it sounds, and it will help you as you scan the book in the future or take notes.
  4. Use pink for organizing statements, such as “This chapter has two primary objectives, first… second….” This will orient you on the page quickly. I often do this before I actually read a given section.
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  5. In an important book I go through my highlights after reading and pretty well copy them all down into Evernote. I try to make my notes form a narrative that describes the book’s contents.
  6. I write in the margins. I didn’t always. I use Pigma Micron pens for that.
  7. I like clickable highlighters so I don’t have to fiddle with a cap.